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Posted on: March 27th, 2012

How to Write an Informative Speech: Tips and Rules of Thumb

how-to-write-an-informative-speechWriting an informative speech can be a very interesting and demanding task. It requires analytical skills and eloquence from a student. Moreover, this assignment can be challenging because it requires the author (and the speaker) to fit the message within strict time limits – something that is not always easy to do. This article can be of great use to people who don’t know how to write an informative speech that will appeal to the audience.

How to Write an Informative Speech: Interacting with the Audience

If you want to make a good speech, you should first understand the needs of the audience. These people expect you to describe or explain a specific concept, phenomenon, event, or process. They want to you to be clear and concise. So, there are several things that you need to avoid, namely:

  1. Attempts to persuade the audience. Remember that you are not writing a persuasive speech which is aimed at convincing listeners or urging them to take an action. Your task is to inform these people and enable them to make their own conclusions.
  2. Complex and verbose sentences and phrases. Listeners may not grasp them immediately, and your speech will be lost upon them.
  3. Excessive use of quantitative information that is not illustrated in any way. If you have to cite numerical data, try to illustrate it with a chart, table, or diagram.
  4. An appeal to people’s emotions – this is not permissible in an informative speech.
  5. Information overload. Sometimes, students simply pack their speeches with data, figures, or formulas. Listeners may not be able to retain them all.

How to Write an Informative Speech: Formulas of Success

If you have never written an informative speech, you should take the following steps:

informative-speech

  1. Identify the key ideas that you intend to discuss or describe.
  2. Write an attention-getter which can intrigue the audience. Eloquent orators can do this by asking a series of rhetorical questions about a topic. Moreover, one can do it by contradicting a common stereotype about a certain problem or question. In other words, you should demonstrate why this topic is worth attention.
  3. Secondly, you should write your main ideas using bullet points. In this way, it will be much easier for you to find necessary examples and data.
  4. Practice your speech by reading it aloud. It is a good way of identifying awkward or vague sentences. Remember that you will have to keep within certain time limits and you’ll have to remove sentences that are not relevant to the topic of your speech.
  5. If you have the opportunity to display visual aids, you can use charts, tables, or even animated sequences. They will make it much easier for the audience to follow your speech.

How to Write an Informative Speech: Other Points to Consider

Hopefully, this article has shown you how to write an excellent informative speech. Yet, you should also be able to overcome stage fright which is common among people who don’t like to speak before a large audience. To overcome this anxiety, you should practice your speech before your friend or relatives who can encourage you.

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